clinical examination

Patellofemoral Pain: What do phenotypic features show?

Ninety percent of patients with patellofemoral pain (PFP), a chronic musculoskeletal disorder characterized by anterior knee pain, are still in pain 4 years after the initial diagnosis. Specialists have optimized management of other chronic musculoskeletal conditions by subgrouping patients based on risk factors. While previous studies aimed to categorize patients based on imaging studies, this…

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Technical difference’s in Volleyball players show shoulder anatomical adaptation

In elite volleyball players, repetitive spiking unevenly burdens the (DOM) dominant shoulder, which can result in adaptations or injuries. Spiking consists of the cocking, acceleration and deceleration phases. In the cocking phase, the dominant arm abducts and externally rotates in preparation for forceful adduction and internal rotation in the acceleration phase. Finally, the hand decelerates…

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